Vision - Transform vision trauma care for our armed forces and the nation
From the Afghanistan and Iraq conflicts 13.5% of warriors with battle injuries have an eye injury; nearly 1100 soldiers wounded in action have undergone surgery for significant eye damage to include lacerations, open contusions, burns and blindness; and direct blast injury to the eye and TBI, in which the eyes do not necessarily suffer cuts or contusions but results in severe brain concussion, affects visual nerve pathways. The causes, effects and treatment of eye injury and diseases that, despite their different mechanisms and pathogenesis, all have a common end result: degeneration of the critical components of the eye and impairment or loss of vision. The goal of this program is to foster innovative, military relevant research in the following areas: 1) mitigation and treatment of traumatic injuries, war related injuries and diseases to the ocular structure and visual system; 2) mitigation and treatment of visual dysfunction associated with traumatic brain injury (TBI); 3) ocular and visual systems diagnostic capabilities and assessment strategies; 4) protection and prevention strategies; 5) vision rehabilitation strategies and quality of life measures; 6) epidemiological studies of military eye trauma and TBI related vision dysfunction; 7) vision restoration; 8) vision care education, training and simulation; and 9) warfighter vision readiness and enhancement. This program was established by Congress in fiscal year 2009 (FY09) to support military relevant peer reviewed vision research. The program has been continued each year through FY14, with congressional appropriations totaling $35.2 million (M), including one for $10M in FY14.
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